
The Utanian electoral system allows for more than one elected member per electorate. Utania
runs with a unique system of determining the elected members, which has roots in the system
employed while under Guwimith rule.
The system is named "MultipleMember Cutoff Proportional" (MMCP), and is a proportional representation variant of First Past the Post (FPP), in which each electorate sends up to five MP's to parliament, through proportional representation in that electorate. So, if Party A, B and C win 40%, 40% and 20% of the vote in a five seat electorate, then they will send two, two and one MP respectively to Utan Krysaror. Unfortunately, votes are never so cleancut so that the proportions fall out easily, so a system of determining the winning parties has been devised that appears complex, but is relatively simple. The first step is to determine the lowest common denominator in an electorate, which is a number of votes held by a certain party. Electoral Officials will determine this by calculating the number of seats the electorate would require in order to get that party elected in this electorate, and this depends entirely on what the other parties have won. A party that wins 10% of the vote can get an MP if the other parties win fewer votes. The principle is that a party cannot have less than a multiple the number of MP's of a second party if it has a multiple of the vote of that second party. For example, if Party A has twice the number of votes than Party B, then it must have at least twice the number of seats in the parliament. If it has four times the number of votes as Party C, then it must have at least four times as many MP's. The way, therefore, to calculate the number of MP's each party will have is to start with the party with the highest vote, then start allocating MP's using the rule above, until there is no more MP's. Below are several examples of the principles above. 
The end result vote was...  Therefore...  And so the MP's are given to... 
Party A won 51%
Party B won 24% Party C won 11% And Party D won 7%, With the remaining 7% going to five smaller parties 
A (51%) > 2 x B (24%) 
Party A  two MP's before Party B gets its first 
A (51%) > 4 x C (11%)
B (24%) > 2 x C (11%) 
Party A  four MP's and
Party B  two MP's before Party C gets its first In other words, the electorate would need to support seven MP's in order for Party C to win a seat in Parliament, and there isn't such an electorate in Utania.  
A (51%) > 7 x D (7%)
B (24%) > 3 x D (7%) C (11%) > 1 x D (7%) 
Party A  seven MP's and
Party B  three MP's and Party C  two MP's before Party D gets its first In other words, there isn't an electorate in Utania which supports thirteen MP's, so that Party D would win a seat.  
In other words, if the electorate were four MP's, Party A will have two,
then Party B gets one. Party A will get another two before Party B will get
another, so...
Party A  three MP's Party B  one MP's If the electorate supported five MP's, it would be worse with the breakdown being 4:1. As can be seen, the system is weighted in favour of parties that win the majority vote, just like FPP, but the fact that the second place party wins a seat is a nod to Proportionalism, because if this one giant electorate were five electorates, Party A probably would have gotten all five seats with such a heavy weighting of votes in its favour. (Do the statistical odds of an overall 24%er getting more than an overall 51%er!) 
The end result vote was...  Therefore...  And so the MP's are given to... 
Party A won 39%
Party B won 27% Party C won 19% And Party D won 12%, With the remaining votes going to five smaller parties. There's three seats in this electorate. 
A (39%) > 1 x B (27%)
and A (39%) > 2 x C (19%) B (27%) > 1 x C (19%) and A (39%) > 3 x D (12%) B (27%) > 2 x D (12%) C (19%) > 1 x D (12%) 
Party A  first of three MP's
Party B  second MP Party A  third MP as it will get a third before party C gets its first Party C would have gotten the fourth MP (if there was one) because it will get one before Party A gets a third or Party B gets a second. Once more, far more proportional than FPP. 
The end result vote was...  Therefore...  And so the MP's are given to... 
Party A won 31%
Party B won 29% Party C won 16% And Party D won 8%, With the remaining votes going to the smaller parties. There's five seats in this electorate. 
A (31%) > 1 x B (24%)
and A (31%) > 1 x C (16%) B (29%) > 1 x C (16%) and A (31%) > 3 x D (8%) B (29%) > 3 x D (8%) C (16%) > 1 x D (8%) 
Party A  first of three MP's
Party B  second MP Party C  third MP because A and B did not get twice the vote of C. Party A  fourth MP as it will get a second before party D gets its first. Party B  final of five MP's 
In order for Party C to hold onto that seat, it would need to maintain
a vote greater than a third of Party A's. If it were less, Party A would have
gotten the third seat, and fifth, because it was more than three times larger than
Party C. This means, if the vote for Parties A and B don't change, Party C has a
guaranteed seat in parliament. Even if Parties A or B gain additional votes, Party A would need to triple the vote of Party C, some 48%. Therefore, Party C is, at least, pretty guaranteed a seat in Parliament. 