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 Utania [Country Flag of Utania]
Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Transnational Issues
[Country map of Utania]

Utania

Introduction


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Background: After three hundred years of Guwimithian Tsarist rule, the Utani people regained self-government in 300 AP. Despite plentiful natural resources and sound left-of-centre government, Utania is experiencing birthpains as a country full of inequity, but also full of possibility.

Geography

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Location: South-eastern old continent, bordering Yellow Bay and the Strait of Guwimith, between 15 and 30 degrees South, and 60 and 75 degrees East, of the planet Vexillium.

Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 65 00 E

Map references: Old Continent

Area:
total: 945,600 sq km
     Lasanne: 148,800 sq km
     Nystonia: 130,000 sq km
     Savana: 265,600 sq km
     Utani B'yan: 401,200 sq km
land: 942,800 million sq km
water (major bodies only): 2,800 sq km

Area - comparative:
<tech>
France, the Netherlands and Germany together; OR
a little bigger than the combined areas of Alabama, Georgia, the Carolinas, half of Tennesee, Virginia and West V., New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and a fifth of NY state; OR
Texas, Oklahoma and a third of Kansas; OR
California, Nevada and Oregon; OR
Victoria and half of New South Wales.
</tech>

Land boundaries:
total: 2,020 km (Approx.)
border countries: South Bay 2,020 km

Coastline: 3,050 km (Approx.)

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 20 nm

Climate: varies from tropical to semi-tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in mountains

Terrain: eastern coastal lowland jungle, high and rugged mountains in center, western lowland plains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Peron -32 m
highest point: Mount C'Hajas 5,668 m

Natural resources: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower copper, coal, silver, gold, iron ore, aluminium, lead, tin, petroleum, natural gas, timber, fish, potash, hydropower, limestone, salt, clay and silica

Land use:
arable land: 51%
permanent crops: 2%
permanent pastures: 26%
forests and woodland: 14%
other: 7% (301 est.)

Irrigated land: 12,800 sq km (301 est.)

Natural hazards: Cyclones (east coast), flooding (east), drought (west), snowslides and landslides, earthquakes, very mild volcanic activity

Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing leading to soil erosion; air pollution in Shecker; mild pollution of rivers from municipal and mining wastes; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: None
signed, but not ratified: None

Geography - note: I'ana archipelago (between Utania and Ptica) is integral, but autonomous, territory to Utania.

People

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Population: 46,928,400 (Jan' 301 census)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35% (male 8,337,050; female 8,062,474)
15-64 years: 58% (male 13,496,141; female 13,640,091)
65 years and over: 7% (male 1,447,205; female 1,945,439) (301 census)

Population growth rate: 3.47% (301 census)

Birth rate: 36.69 births/1,000 population (301 census)

Death rate: 9.28 deaths/1,000 population (301 census)

Net migration rate: +5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (for year 300, census)
+18 in (Utani from other lands), -13 out (Guwimithians fleeing in fear of persecution)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (301 census)

Infant mortality rate: 38.7 deaths/1,000 live births (301 census)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.56 years
male: 63.63 years
female: 71.5 years (301 census)

Total fertility rate: 5.07 children born/woman (for year 300; census)
4.34 children born/woman (past five years; census)

Nationality:
noun: Utanian(s)
adjective: Utanian

Ethnic groups: Utani (nine tribes) 76.5%, Uta-Decashi ("tenth tribe") 22.2%, Liliani 1%, Chakrazipangi 1%, Ulano-Gronkian, Ingallish, Westrian, Pentians, Armatirian, Zartanian, and other 0.3%

Ethnic - note: Uta-Decashi ("tenth tribe") means non-Utani Utanians, "white Utanians", people who feel Utania is their homeland, after the great immigration of the past 160 years. They are descendants of immigrants, not immigrants themselves, from a great variety of ethnic backgrounds, mostly Ingallish, but also Ulano-Gronkian, Liliani, Westrian, Pentians, Armatirian, Zartanian, Chakrazipangi, and others. In the census, people were given the option to declare themselves "Uta-Decashi" or another ethnic group.

Religions: Cruistian 90%

Languages: Utani (official), Ingallish (official)

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write in either Ingallish or Utani
total population: 88.7%
male: 94.5%
female: 83% (1995 est.)

Government

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Country name:
conventional long form: United Democratic Republic of Utania
conventional short form: Utania
local long form: Union Demokratij Republika Utania
local short form: Utania

Data code: UT

Government type: Democratic republic

Capital: Utan Krysaror

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Lasanne, Nystonia, Savana, and Utani B'yan.
note: The four former provinces in the Guwimithian Empire merged to form Utania. However, the role of the states is slowly being absorbed by the federal government. The states are, constitutionally, merely administrative zones.

Independence: 9 April 299 (from Guwimith into UNVCOCN administration) 1 June 300 (from UNV Administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 June (300)

Constitution: 1 June 300

Legal system: civil law system with indigenous concepts

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: President George OKARVITS (since 18 October 300); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President George OKARVITS (since 18 October 300); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
note: Prime Minister Eric BARTH (since 18 October 300) does not exercise executive power; this power is in the hands of the president
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: President elected by popular vote for a four-year term; No popular election has yet been held; popular elections to be held January 303.
election results: President Okarvits was elected by Parliament, 86 votes over 52 votes achieved by caretaker President Edward Roahn HOPE held 18 October 300

Legislative branch: unicameral Democratic Constituent Parliament (156 seats; members are elected by popular vote in multi-member electorates to serve one to four-and-a-half year terms)
leader: Prime Minister Eric BARTH (since 18 October 300)
elections: formally last held 30 September 300 (next must be held by 30 March 305); however, in response to significant electoral boundary changes after the January census, fresh interim-elections were held 7 July 301; the interim elections had no impact on the electoral timetable; Elections cannot be held within twelve months of a Presidential election.
election results: percent of vote by party - Peoples 19%, USP 13%, Conservative 13%, Democrat 11%, LNP 9%, CDP 7%, UPP 7%, Burovian 6%, others 15%; seats by party - Peoples 41, USP 24, Conservative 24, Democrat 11, LNP 10, CDP 7, UPP 9, Burovian 6, others 8.

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice, judges are appointed by the National Council of the Judiciary

Political parties and leaders: Peoples Party or PPP [George OKARVITS]; Utani betterment party or USP [Casper ATOHA]; Conservative Party [Thomas KEMP]; Democratic Party [Louis CAMPDEN]; Utani Progressive Party or UPP [Peter TOSU]; Liberal Nationalist Party or LNP [Kyle LANGLEY]; Cruistian Democratic Party or CDP [Peter CAMPBELLS]; Utanian Burovian Movement or UBM [Max BOORNAL]; Republican Party of Utania [Robert TALIN]; Yannist (independent collective) ; Utanian Democratic Socialist Party or DSP [John STIRLING]

Political pressure groups and leaders: anti-development groups such as the Ramal tribe-based Yannist movement [Amea RAMALI]; green groups such as Free Green Collective [Dawn K'NJOSA]; Nationalist Party of Utania [Thomas ABELS] and Utani nationalist movements

International organization participation: UNV, Administrators of the Weapons Limitation Treaty (WLT)

Flag description: Green background, white bordered red cross centre in the left-most third of the flag, the arms of the cross one-third from the top of the flag, and the cross being two-eighteenths thick; a single gold five-point star in the centre of the right-most two-thirds of the flag, surrounded by nine white five-pointed stars slightly smaller than the gold star in a circular formation (representing the nine tribes of the Utani committed to a common (golden) future, with Cruistianity as the guiding credos)

Economy

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Economy - overview: The Utanian economy is primarily agrarian with moderate amounts of agriculture-based manufacturing, having little industrial development beyond that needed to service agriculture. With the surrender of all Guwimithian assets in the Dependencies to the new governments, the Utanian government is estimated to own 50% of the productive capacity in the country, and has made no moves to decrease that. With significant export markets agreed, the country is one of the success stories of the former Dependencies, but it still requires significant targeted investment for industrialisation. Utania's history also leaves a significant legacy of high poverty and poor asset distribution, a situation the present government is committed to reversing. GDP growth was estimated at 7% in 300ap after a decade of moderate growth about 4%. Expectations are for a slight slow down as government policies of redistribution takes effect. The real boom came with the granting of limited autonomy in the provinces, and the election of Conservative Governor Charles Asher in (what is now) Lasanne state, who liberalised business set-up and capitalised on the province's capital being the key link to the Dependencies. Wealth is now concentrated in the north east of the country. Transport infrastructure has been solely established by companies needing access to agricultural produce and is poor at best. Significant investment is required, and the government has committed to such a course.

Currency: 1 Utanian Pund (Û) = 100 cents

Exchange rates: Utanian Pund (Û) per ChC1.00 - 3.000 (Fixed exchange rate); Utanian Reserve Bank has tight monetary controls on the Pund.

GDP: Unknown (to be determined) but estimated to be Û437,537.84 million (C146 billion)
Purchasing power parity - C310 billion (302 est.)

GDP - real growth rate: 6.9% (300 est.)

GDP - per capita: Unknown (to be determined) but estimated to be Û9,323 (C3,107)
Purchasing power parity - C6,500 (302 est.) -->

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 40%
industry: 22%
services: 38% (300 est.)

Population below poverty line: 54% (300 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 20%: 3.1%
highest 20%: 58.1% (301 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.5% (300 est.)

Labor force: 20.2 million (1996 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: agriculture, mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction, transport, services

Unemployment rate: 7.7%; extensive underemployment (1997)

Budget:
revenues: Û82.5 billion
expenditures: No budget yet set

Industries: food processing, mining of metals, steel, textiles, auto assembly, clothing, shipbuilding, petroleum, fishing, cement, metal fabrication

Industrial production growth rate: Unknown

Electricity - production: 147.8 billion kWh (300)

Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 78.5%
hydro: 18.3%
nuclear: 3.1%
other: 0.2% (300)

Electricity - consumption: 145.8 billion kWh (300)

Electricity - exports: 2.0 billion kWh (300) (earning Û75 million)

Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Agriculture - products: cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish

Exports: Û80.13 billion (f.o.b., 301 est.)

Exports - commodities: Agricultural produce, sugar, cotton, copper, diamonds

Exports - partners: Lendosan Confederation 37%, Bowdani 23%, Guwimith 9.5%, Feniz 9%, others (301 est.)

Imports: N/A

Imports - commodities: petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals

Imports - partners: N/A

Debt - Internal: Government Only $25 billion (301 est.)

Debt - external: Government Only $18.5 billion (301 est.)

Economic aid - recipient: None

Fiscal year: calendar year

Communications

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Telephones - main lines in use: 8.509 million (301)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 504,995 (301)

Telephone system: adequate for most requirements
domestic: Unknown
international: Unknown

Radio broadcast stations: Licensing not yet in place, so estimates only; AM 292, FM 98, shortwave 59 (301 est.)

Radios: 18.65 million (301 est.)

Television broadcast stations: 13 (plus 109 repeaters) (301)

Televisions: 7.06 million (301 est.)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 31 (301)

Transportation

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Railways:
total: 1,988 km
standard gauge: 1,608 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 380 km 0.914-m gauge

Highways:
total: 72,900 km
paved: 8,700 km
unpaved: 64,200 km (1999 est.)

Waterways: Unknown

Pipelines: Unknown

Ports and harbors: Luka, Utan Krysaror, Agraam, Shecker, Geelong, Charleston, Vela Luka, Lidcombe, Mulgrave, Koltij, Ayana, Benmore

Military

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Military branches: Army, Navy, Coast Guard and Air Force.

Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 10,949,224 (301 census)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 7,116,996 (301 census)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 410,000 (301 census, average)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: Est. Û23 billion (FY01)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: Est. 4.6% (FY01)

Transnational Issues

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Disputes - international: No open border disputes, but a simmering dislike for Gvonj Utani being part of the Peoples Republic of Rovens, and Utani living in South Bay by virtue of an arbitrary border demarcation.

Illicit drugs: Utania is not a known producer of illegal drug crops.




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