Facts about Utania - 22
In 266ap, the Guwimith Dependencies Act was passed by the Tsar providing local government in the Dependencies, including the five Utanian provinces (including Gvonj). It allowed the formation of parliaments, political parties and limited self-government. There would also be elections permitted for whichever provinces voted for them. The Tsarist Court (which ruled far moreso than the Tsar by this time) shrewdly believed that the provincial governments would vote against holding elections, for their own gain, allowing continued strong influence from Guwimith. If that failed, they organised a pro-Guwimith party to "provide continuity", that is, push the Tsarist line.
They failed. Elections were held in four of the five Utanian provinces (Guwimith Wide Shore, Duck Egg Shore, Horn of Olives and Gvonj; The Mountains province, now Savana state, did not, as it was too remote to be effectively governed from Guwimith, since the 124-31 rebellion). The Democratic Party won as the most significant party opposite the National party, and would co-govern in all four provinces.
There remained a significant movement for complete independence, and several guerilla movements evolved and died in the 70's and 80's. As Utanians were more in control of everyday running of the state, fewer massacres and atrocities against independence movements were committed. Heroes like Colonel Kopana, who prevented the Dependencies Security Forces from bombarding protesters, became more and more prevalent as people sensed that greater independence was inevitable.
Efforts to provide greater self-governance and independence continued, and culminated in the April 299 A.P. attack on a joint Whitlamite and Zartanian oil exploration effort in the Guwimith strait, by members of a Dependencies-based anti-development rebel group, including the Utanian Yannist rebels, and several foreign hostages were taken. Paralysed, the Guwimith Tsar and his court stood inactively by, forcing the Whitlam and Zartanian governments to launch an operation to liberate their people. As soon as they did, they noticed the entire Empire in collapse. The terrorist action had been a catalyst for a complete collapse of the tenuous hold on power by the Guwimith Tsarist Court. Fearing the worst, the two nations seized control of the collapsing Empire, handing it over to UNVCOCN control in June of 299.
The UNV mission determined that five new countries would be formed from the Dependencies, including "Horn of Olives" and "Luka". These two Utanian-dominated almost-nations agreed to merge and reunite the Utanian nation once again. Utania gained full independence on June 1st, 300, and, at the time of publication, the first parliamentary elections were due in late September.
Also, at this time, the fate of the former colony of Gvonj is uncertain.
GEOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY
The Geography of Utania is dominated by the large and tall mountain range that splits the country in two, and by the sub-tropical climate in which the country lies. The prevailing winds during most of the year are from the south-east, and sweep into the country bringing large volumes of rain-filled clouds in the humid summer, and nothing but sunshine in the other nine months of the year. The south-west of the country, however, lies in something of a rain shadow, where the central Utani mountain ranges force the rains to drop them in the range, and having little to drop in the region after the mountains.
Utania is home to thirty-four species of mammals that occupy the south-east old continental (SEOC) region, including some that are almost exclusive to the country, such as the mountain-dwelling alpaca. The heavy forest regions immediately to the east of the mountain range have been significantly cut back by years of commercial logging under the Tsarist regime, and though the semi-autonomous provincial governments have created reserves and state parks, logging of natural near-jungle forests has not ceased. This is unfortunate, as, like any jungle, the forests are immensely productive centres of natural produce, with a vast variety of plants and animal life that has, as yet, hardly been studied.
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Utania has little formal structure in government until the first elected government finalises structural policy. (As at time of publication, November 300.) However, it appears that Utania will have a strongly centralised government, with four states with some control over expenditure in some areas, and laws, but not revenue raising nor overall expenditure control.
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