Facts about Utania - 23

     Budgets will be set by Utan Krysaror at a macro-level, but managed by the individual states or regional councils. Defence, taxation, diplomatic relations, trade development and economic management will be exclusively federal domains, while the states administer their budgets to their particular needs.
     The four states are based on the four Guwimith Dependency provinces, though there is talk of the Kanharan, Tuaman and Chiquiti peoples forming their own states out of Utani B'yan, making the state count seven. The states will receive funding from Utan Krysaror budgeted based on their needs and they will administer those funds as required. The states will also pass local laws which cannot conflict with federal law.
     There is one house of Parliament, of 140 MP's, which passes laws and bills presented by the President who runs the public service. The President is the real power-broker in Utanian politics, at this time, as it requires a two-thirds majority of parliament to overrule a Presidential order.
     The President has executive authority to operate the public service as he/she chooses. The current President, George Okarvits, won by being approved by the Parliament in October 300 AP, but faces a Presidential election in January 302.
     The inaugural elected government took power in early October 300ap, a centre-left coalition lead by the Peoples Party. The political parties in Utania have formed over the preceding 34 years of provincial self-rule, and there was fourteen parties contesting the inaugural election. The lead parties are the Peoples Party (PPP), the lead left-wing party, the Conservative Party, a strongly pro-business party, the Democratic Party, the moderate conservatives, and the Utani-Saedaj Party, an indigenous people nationalist party. There is also another five minor parties that will be coalition partners with the above four: the left-wing Republican Party, the Cruis-Democratic Party (CDP), Liberal Nationalist Party (LNP), Utanian Burovian party (UBM) and the Utani Progressive Party.

Local Administration

Having been divided into four provinces, the Utani states are likely to have significant powers in the modern Utanian state. It is agreed, however, that the power for revenue-raising and expenditure targets will be set by the federal government, as well as the running of the public service for Diplomacy, Defence and Intelligence, Education, Social Security and Health. The Courts will be run by the states, and laws shall be written by the states, however, the highest court in the land shall be federal, and federal laws supercede local laws.
  ECONOMY
The Utanian economy is strongly divided between the wealthy east coast and the rest of the country. The east coast benefitted from its close proximity to Guwimith, such that many nobles and wealthy Guwimithians had businesses and plantations on the coast, and brought their immense wealth with them. Therefore, cities like Luka appear developed and modern, and Luka certainly functions as the nation's economic and financial centre. Meanwhile, cities like Kanhara, Navoomi and certain parts of Utan Krysaror are positively poverty stricken by comparison.
     Commercial success in Utania under the Guwimithians was solely dependent on whether the business had Guwimithian ownership, even partial. Many businesses were started and run by Utanians yet had 50% ownership by a member of the Guwimith Tsarist Court, the higher up the official the better for business. Consequently, when Utania gained independence, the UNV allocated those royal court shareholdings to the Utanian government, leaving the inaugural government owning an estimated 30% to 50% of the Utanian economy. Furthermore, the economy has boomed with the Tsarist restrictions removed, though there remains significant need to liberalise the economy further.
     Agricultural exports remain the largest revenue raiser for Utania, though the manufacturing sector appears to be the fastest growing, and may eclipse other nations for manufacturing exports. Agriculture still dominates an estimated 30% of the economy, which is about six times higher than most developed nations, and puts Utania equivalent to developed nations in the 30's or before.
     Depending on which party leads the next government after the late September (300ap) elections, the government could become more intimately involved in running the economy (Liberal Nationalist Party or Peoples Party-lead governments) or work toward privatising all government-owned companies thus inviting significant foreign ownership of the Utanian economy (under a Conservative party government).

POPULATION & PEOPLE

The exact population of Utania is unknown, but estimated to be about 41,400,000 people, more than two-thirds of whom live in urban or semi-urban areas. As censuses were rarely performed by the Dependencies governments, it wasn't until self-government in 266 that Utania's population was counted two years later, and estimated to be 29.8 million. This means the Utanian population has grown 35% in thirty-two years, or about 1% p.a.

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